The camp was erected in 1939 partly by the Dutch government and Dutch Jewish community as a refugee camp for JewsÂ fleeing Nazi Germany, after the Netherlands had closed its borders one year before.Â In July 1942 the camp was turned into a transit and deportation camp. Eichmannâ€™s Reichssicherheitsamt 93 transports were organised by the local camp commanders andÂ 107.000 Jews, 245 Roma and also members of the resistance were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Sobibor, Bergen-Belsen and Theresienstadt. OnlyÂ 5.000 of themÂ returned. Yet Westerbork in general representations was not known to be a brutal camp: it counted only 300 escapes, and the effective camp commander A.K. Gemmeker (his house is one of the few material remnants of the camp after its demolitionÂ around 1970), â€˜smiled people into the trainsâ€™. One such deportee was the Roma girl Settela, held to be in fact Jewish until the discovery of her identity in a recentÂ analysis of the Westerbork footage (a unique 90 minutes film documentingÂ the transports and the conventions of a Nazi concentration camp), capturedÂ by the German-Jewish filmmaker Rudolf Breslauer. At the end of the War, Camp Westerbork turned into an internment camp for SS and NSB collaborators. This phase of WesterborkÂ is particularly contested in light ofÂ its supposedly harsh regime discussed in recent â€˜greyâ€™ Dutch war historiography. TheÂ self-organisations of the camp by Jewish guards, depicted as the campÂ nobility and â€˜worse than the SSâ€™ in early testimonies, represents yet anotherÂ contested insight. After the decolonization war of the Dutch Indies (Indonesia) in 1950, the camp was turned intoÂ a temporary accommodation for Moluccan Royal NetherlandsÂ East Indies Army (KNIL) soldiers and their families. In 1975 and 1977, radicalized Moluccan activists hijacked two trains and a school, whoseÂ assault cameÂ to an end after a violent military actionÂ claiming the life of passengers and hijackers alike. Camp Westerbork thus indirectly evokesÂ a silencedÂ and conflicted pastÂ for both the Dutch Moluccan community and wider segments ofÂ society.Â In the 1970s,Â the government closed the temporary Moluccan camp, to be reused by the Westerbork radio telescope (ASTRON).